One common complications of sickle cell disease and sickle cell anemia (SCA) is a stroke. Children, even babies are at risk of having a stroke because their sickled hemoglobin could possibly block blood flow and prevent oxygen from going to their brain properly. Reports show that a stroke occurs when the large arteries are damaged by the sickled red blood cells, which stick to the vessel walls in the patient’s brain (source).
“SCD children have a 67 percent risk of recurrence with strokes recurring up to nine months apart. [In addition,] it’s estimated that 17 percent of SCD children under the age of 14 have silent strokes and the rate increases to 23 percent by the age of 18, with the size and number of lesions increasing. (source).”
Doctor’s monitor the blood flow in a child’s brain annually with a Transcranial Dopplar Test (TCD). The test is given with an ultra sound machine, which helps the technician listen to blood flow and take pictures of the patients brain waves.
One of the treatments to prevent a stroke is for at-risk patients with sickle cell to receive blood transfusions.
What are some of the risk factors associated with a stroke in patients with SCA?
According to a report from the American Society of Hematology
Factors such as low hemoglobin levels, increased systolic blood pressure, and male gender are linked to a higher risk of silent cerebral infarcts, or silent strokes, in children with sickle cell anemia, according to results from a large, first-of-its-kind study. (source)
To learn more about the subject, I recommend Blood Journal’s article “Sickle cell disease and stroke” by Luis A. Verduzco and David G. Nathan.
American Society of Hematology. Sickle Cell Anemia: A Patient’s Journey. Youtube.com. Retrieved September 17, 2014 from http://youtu.be/2CsgXHdWqVs.
American Society of Hematology. ‘Silent’ stroke risk factors for children with sickle cell anemia. sciencedaily.com. Retrieved September 17, 2014 from http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/11/111117141243.htm
Did you enjoy this article? Please share
— CleverMom (@Cleverlychangin) September 18, 2014
- September is National Sickle Cell Awareness Month
- #30forSickleCell Know Your Sickle Cell Trait Status
- Sickle Cell – A Parent’s Perspective #30forSickleCell
- Sickle Cell – A Hematologist’s Perspective
- Sickle Cell: A Firsthand Look at T.J. Brown’s Holistic Experience
- Sickle Cell: Erase the Shame and End the Silence #30forSickleCell
- How Can Family Members Support Someone With Sickle Cell? #30forSickleCell
- Can a Biracial Person Have Sickle Cell Anemia? #30forSickleCell
- 5 Myths About Sickle Cell Disease Debunked #30forSickleCell
- The Inside Story: Growing up with Sickle Cell
- Sickle Cell: The Truth about The Trait #30ForSickleCell
- Sickle Cell: Any day without pain is a good day! #30forSickleCell
- Beating The Odds #30forSickleCell
- Sickle Cell and Accomplishing Big Dreams #30forSickleCell
- How can I learn more about Sickle Cell? #30forSickleCell
- Health Moment: Bold Lips for Sickle Cell Challenge
- Beating The Odds #30forSickleCell
Episode 85 is a full show of hearing from our Cleverly Cultured kids . They chime in about their different perspectives ...
2022 has been a difficult year for many families, people are still learning how to adjust to life during a pandemic; ...
My Special Aflac Duck is fantastic for children and their caregivers. Don't just take my word for it. Watch this video to get a better understanding of the duck and how it’s already making a difference.
Have you heard anyone say sickle cell is a disease only black people get? This statement is a myth, in fact, ...
Sickle Cell Caregivers are invited to an online ...